The Baluarte de San Miguel, named after St. Michael the Archangel, was the seaside defense of Fort Santiago built around 1695. It complements the Medio Baluarte de San Francisco in protecting the entrance to the main citadel of the walled city.

In 2014, Baluarte de San Miguel was declared a National Cultural Treasure by the National Museum of the Philippines.

The 1824 Fort Santiago Map illustrating Baluarte de San Miguel (labeled “B”), Havitacion del Ayudante (Adjutant’s Quarters; labeled “Y”), and Armacen de Porvoro (Powder Arsenal; labeled “E”); courtesy of the National Library of Spain and John Tewell (2016)

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