Since the earthquake of 1863, the buildings in Plaza Moriones have been converted as barracks for the military. With the American takeover, Fort Santiago remained the military headquarters of the colonizers. During the Japanese occupation, it was in this edifice that Elpidio Quirino, a senator of the Philippine Commonwealth who would become the sixth President of the Philippines (1948-1953), was incarcerated for 16 days. Today, the ruins of the barracks beside Baluartillo de San Francisco Javier (known as the Manila Arsenal during the early American colonial period) were maintained showing its scars from the Second World War.

Aeriel view of the American Barracks with Baluartillo and Revellin de San Francisco Javier on the left. Snippet from a photo courtesy John Tewell.

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