Jenina Nicole Baluyot, Jim R. Mostaza, Glenda G. Pancho, and Jannelle Marie Po

Note: This is a paper produced under the Internship Program of the IA Center for Intramuros Studies.


In order to improve museum literacy and awareness as well as its crucial role in showcasing various histories and cultures to contemporary Filipino society, this study aims to identify and characterize established and accessible museums in the Philippines, specifically the Museo de Intramuros. In addition, the conceptual framework of the project will be based on the conceptual model created by Guerino et al. (2018), entitled “Virtual Museums with Focus on Natural User Interfaces” (VMNUI). As part of the discussion in the paper, the researchers have also modified Kenneth Yellis’ analysis from his article “Museum Education (1990)”. The study seeks to address the fundamental issue by focusing on the virtual museum of Museo de Intramuros; the digital transformation of museums; the function and significance of traditional and virtual museums; and how these virtual museums help in shaping the nation’s history and historical education. The result of assessing the virtual museum of Museo de Intramuros, is that the Museo de Intramuros provides the people with remnants of the ecclesiastical journey of the Filipino people, from the arrival of the Spaniards to more recent years, as shown by the traditional museum’s efficient layout and the high-quality, user-friendly virtual tours available online. Additionally, the researchers also found the many advantages a virtual museum could present to the general public. In the case of the Museo de Intramuros’ virtual tours, it became more accessible to audiences who could not physically visit the museum. Its accessibility can also impact the historical education of the visitors in regards to the religious history of the Philippines.

To get a copy of the paper email [email protected]

Go here to view the Intern’s final presentation

About the interns

This research paper was completed in September 2022 under the internship of the following:

Jenina Nicole Baluyot

Jenina is a BA History undergraduate student from the Polytechnic University of the Philippines- Sta. Mesa, Manila. Her research interests include; Political History, Pre-16th Philippine History, Colonial History, Local and Oral History, and Art History. She is a consistent President’s Lister and was a former member of Baliktanaw, the official student publication of the Department of History. Additionally, she is also a current member of the Committee on Secretariat of the Samahan ng mga Mag-aaral ng Kasaysayan. As a student of history, it is important to her to learn the past in order to understand how we arrived at our current state, and how we can use this knowledge for the betterment of our future. While also bearing in mind the responsibilities and honor of being an Iskolar ng Bayan, she aims to give back to the people that put her through the education that enabled her to become the person she is today.

Jim R. Mostaza

Jim is an undergraduate student from Polytechnic University of the Philippines- Sta. Mesa, Manila taking Bachelor of Arts Major in History. Despite being a working student, he has been a Dean’s Lister and a President’s Lister. His research interests include wars, revolutions, and ancient civilizations, and he believes that understanding the past can make the future better.

Glenda G. Pancho

Glenda is a third-year BA History student at the Polytechnic University of the Philippines. Despite being a working student, she has been a Dean’s Lister and a President’s Lister. She is interested in cultural, political and economic history as she wants to know how these fields impact the issues in the world. She believes that studying other people’s lives and struggles through history fosters empathy, studying the diversity of human experience enables her to comprehend and identify other cultures, ideas, and traditions as significant outcomes of certain historical periods and geographic locations.

Jannelle Marie Po

Jannelle is a BA History student of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines in Sta. Mesa, Manila. She is an active member of the PUP Samahan ng mga Mag-aaral ng Kasaysayan. Her research interests revolve around the Pre-16th Century Philippines, Asian History, Women’s History, Local and Oral History, Historic Preservation and Heritage Management in the Philippines, and Museology. She was a student volunteer at the Bantayog ng mga Bayani in Quezon City for her comparative analysis research focusing on museum management, and preservation and conservation of its museum collections and exhibits. Her volunteer experience amplified her research interest in Museology, particularly in museum management, collections and exhibits management, curation, and the like. The opportunity intensified her dream to expand her knowledge and experience with museum works through further conducting and writing research papers and acquiring training from different institutions in the future.

Mentor: Christian Emmanuel Catahan


Jenina Nicole Baluyot

“Being a student-intern at the Intramuros Administration has truly exposed me to the work and responsibilities of being a cultural worker in the Philippines. Choosing to intern at an institution lauded as a bastion of historical education and of cultural significance, it has allowed me to immerse myself in a field that I have appreciated as a history major. Learning about the significance of history during classes, and being able to apply what I have learnt during my internship has provided me with a sense of satisfaction. However, I have faced hardships during my time as an intern, filled with self-doubts about whether my outputs were adequate enough for the administration. Nevertheless, through the guidance of Mr. Christian Catahan, I was able to overcome such challenges and gained confidence in myself, proving that not only did I grow as a student of history during my internship, but I also grew as an individual ready to take on any challenge that comes my way.”

Jim R. Mostaza

“Being an intern in Intramuros Administration really gave me a whole new experience and made me understand what a healthy and professional environment looks like. The first day of the internship was hard for me as I had no idea what it would be like but being in the first meeting with Sir Rancho and Sir Catahan made me understand the goals and what it would be like to be an intern in Intramuros Administration. My whole experience is informative and full of professionalism. The internship taught me how to approach things in a professional way and gave me confidence to do better in my career and profession.”

Glenda G. Pancho

“Being an intern in the Intramuros administration is informative and knowledgeable even though it is conducted online. In the first meeting with Sir Rancho and Sir Catahan, they explained what our task would be as interns. They also gave information about IA and its history. One of our major tasks as interns is to conduct new research regarding Intramuros and create microsites. My experience as an intern in Intramuros was very meaningful because it improved my knowledge about the importance and role of the preserved heritage and the artifacts found in the museum inside Intramuros. Although there were challenges throughout the internship, I overcame them with the aid of my group mates and intern advisor Sir Catahan.

Jannelle Marie Po

“It is genuinely both an honor and privilege to be accepted as a student intern of the Intramuros Administration, as one of the profound government institutions engaged in enriching and promoting Philippine history, culture, and arts, through developing museum management, tourism promotion, and other significant projects that will further advocate paramount heritage and cultural sites in the Philippines. As a History-major student, this internship program honed and sharpened my learning and abilities in conducting research, especially in Intramuros studies. The guidance and instruction of our supervisor and mentor aided me in refining my skills in research writing, creating microsites, learning from experts, and adept in Intramuros studies by attending learning sessions, as well as benefiting from the Library and Archives of the Intramuros Administration for data gathering of the research paper. In addition, I will be eternally beholden of the amiable museum administrators, curators, specialists, and all the other museum staff who took care of us and supervised us while conducting our research, specifically for our interview as a data collection method for our paper.”

Learn more about the Internship Program of the Center for Intramuros Studies

Contact us: [email protected]

Interested in applying for an internship at the IA Center for Intramuros Studies? Email us your CV with cover letter via [email protected].

Note: The opinions expressed by our interns in their papers and presentations during their internships with us do not necessarily reflect any statement, stand, or position of the Intramuros Administration or of any of its personnel. Moreover, inclusion of research papers or project proposals in the online database of the Center for Intramuros Studies or the website of the Intramuros Administration do not necessarily constitute as an endorsement.

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