Intramuros Learning Sessions episode no. 15

Heroes of World War II Series
Part 1: Escoda, Abad Santos, and Lim


In December 1991, the P1,000 peso bill was launched by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, with the images of 3 important, albeit not so well known people featured on the front part of the bill. The Pinoys, in usual comical style, jokingly referred to the 3 characters as “Tito, Vic, and Joey,” the equivalent of Larry, Moe, and Curly in Philippine showbiz. It was funny, yet at the same time it was not, for it shows the lack of knowledge of our fellow citizens on heroes who sacrificed everything in our struggle against the Japanese during the Second World War, the darkest three and a half years in Philippine history.

This episode is Part 1 of the series Heroes of World War II.

  • Guest speaker: Desiree Ann Cua Benipayo
  • Moderator: Rancho Arcilla

About the Speaker: Desiree Ann Cua Benipayo

Desiree Ann Cua Benipayo is a writer and film producer. She is currently the Vice President for Research and Education at the Philippine World War II Memorial Foundation, and the Secretary at the Memorare Manila 1945.

Ms. Benipayo is author of Honor: The Legacy of Jose Abad Santos, which was recently awarded Best Book of Nonfiction Prose in English in the 2019 National Book Awards. Ms. Benipayo, together with her husband, also produced a film documentary adaptation of her book, which received an “A” rating by the Philippine Cinema Evaluation Board.

About the Intramuros Learning Sessions

The Intramuros Learning Sessions (ILS) is the educational webinar series of the Intramuros Administration (IA). The IA is an attached national government agency under the Department of Tourism. 

Topics are interdisciplinary and cover themes related to Intramuros and Manila studies, Philippine studies, as well as cultural heritage studies. Pursuant to IA’s charter, the ILS aims to contribute to the strengthening of the Filipino’s national identity and sense of belonging and pride.

See Previous ILS Episode
Indio Response: The Museo de Intramuros Collection
See Next ILS Episode
Rediscovering Biodiversity in Manila Urban Jungle During the Time of Pandemic

Check out our previous ILS episodes here

For more information contact the Center for Intramuros Studies via
Cannot find what you are looking for? Try requesting for more data via our eFOI Portal.